Understanding Of Barcode Software Technology

Standing at a grocery counter, all your groceries must definitely have gone through a barcode scanner. The counter person reads the barcode on each product with a barcode scanner after which the resulting data is sent to the computer. The computer, in turn, refers to the database for the price and description of each product.

The principle at work in barcode technology is called Symbology. It encodes alphanumeric characters and symbols, presented in black and white stripes or bars. This technology is one among the AIDC (Automatic Identification and Data Collection) technologies that work to minimize human involvement in areas such as data entry and collection, and thereby also minimize chances of errors and use of time.

The encoding aspect of this technology determines Symbology at its most basic level. It allows the scanner to know when a character starts and ends.

Structure of Barcode: Typically, a barcode comprises:

• Quiet Zone: Also known as the Clear Area, this zone comes before the Start Character of a barcode symbol. It is the least space needed for barcode scanning. It should be free of all printing and have the same color and reflect the same colors as the background of the barcode symbol. It should also be 10 times in width of the narrowest element in the specific barcode, amounting to 0.25 inch.
• Start Code: This indicates the beginning of the barcode to the scanner. It comprises special barcode characters. These characters are stripped-off and not sent to the host.
• Data: This refers to the actual data stored by the barcode.
• Check Digit: This is a mathematical sum that verifies the accuracy of all other elements of the barcode. It is identified as the extra digit at the end of the barcode which confirms that the scanner read the barcode accurately. It is stripped off from the data and not sent to the host.
• Stop Code: This indicates to the scanner where the barcode ends. They are not sent to the host but are stripped off.
• Trailing Quiet Zone: After the Stop Character, this is another clear space without any printing.

How it works: The scanning head emits LED light onto the barcode. Light is then reflected back away from the barcode into a photoelectric cell or a light-detecting electronic component. White parts of the barcode reflect the maximum light whereas black areas reflect the least.

As the scanner moves over the barcode, the photoelectric cell emits a pattern of on-off pulses corresponding to the code’s black and white stripes. The electronic circuit that forms part of the scanner converts these pulses into zeros and ones. These digits are then sent to the computer attached to the scanner which detects the code.

Applications of barcode technology: At stores, barcode technology can provide a variety of benefits, such as:

• Items that fly off the shelves are quickly identified and reordered.
• Items that are slow to sell can be identified so that they are not reordered.

• Fast-moving items can be given more space on the shelves, depending on their performance.
• Seasonal fluctuations can be predicted using historical data.
• Items can be repriced to show the earlier and new prices.
• Profiling of individual shoppers is also possible through discount cards registration.
• Barcodes are also useful in logistics and supply chain management. When a parcel is to be shipped, it is given a Unique Identifying Number (UID). The database links the UID to specific information about the parcel, such as its order number, date of packing, destination, quantity packed, etc. This information can be sent through the Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) to the retailer so that he has this information before the parcel arrives.
• Shipments sent to a Distribution Center (DC) are tracked before they can be forwarded. At its final destination, the UID is scanned so that specific store knows the contents of the parcel, its cost, etc.


What Drives Information Technology

Information technology generally refers to all forms of technology used in the creation, storage, exchange and utilization of data, conversation and all multi-media forms of communication. With computer technology constantly changing and improving, businesses are being driven with the need for the right system that is based on the requirements and goals of their enterprise. They are considered business allies in an information-based economy.

What drives information technology is competition within the business environment and the progression of computer technology that it is a part of. The systems of technology involve varied shapes of many state of the art devices that help in the transmission of information to managers translating such information to their decisions in the organization’s operations.

There are many forms of information technology like computers, sensors, robots and decision support systems. The newest one being used in the market today are handhelds to help managers and subordinates to support their daily operations in the office. Due to the emergence of varied accounting system technology, Electronic Data Process Auditing now also known as Information Technology Auditing was launched to also cater to the need for technology control and as a response to utilize computers’ capacity for attestation services.

Information technology has revolutionized business operations. In shaping the structure and functions of work organizations, plants, and office, modern information technology is considered one of prime movers among many industries. When one talks about technology, it brings up a whole exciting world of computers and the Internet. It also prompts terms like server, intranet, security, firewall and network. Other terms in its jargon are Ethernet, VoIP and more.

Information technology has not always alluded to computers, but referred to the oldest information processor, which is the brain. Technology is perhaps man’s scientific attempt to imitate the brain’s efficiency in functions of communication and information storage. Thus it is essentially the communication, storage and processing of information that would suit the purposes of users.

Through the use of high technology in the form of state of the art computers and software systems, communication is well managed. Some companies refer to its Information Technology Department as MIS or Management Information Services. Large companies have bigger requirements for the Information technology departments with bigger responsibilities in information storage, information protection, information processing, information transmission, and even information retrieval. IT contributes to the success of these businesses as it works along side its human resources in accomplishing the organization’s tasks while reducing costs and opening new possibilities that have never been tried before by the company.

When the best of both science and technology is combined, what results is as powerful as today’s advancements in technology. So powerful it is that it is not only a part of man’s life — it dominates it. It makes him realize every second of his existence


Cell Phone Spy Software – Technology for Today

Did you know that it is common today for mobile phones and smartphones to be spied upon? Thanks to cell phone spy software, someone can monitor your phone activity. Who would want to do that you ask? There are a variety of instances where cell/mobile phone spy software can come in handy.

This type of tracking and monitoring software can monitor calls, messages, texts, and in some cases track GPS. It is only legal to attach it to a phone you own or pay for. There are three areas where this type of spy software is used most frequently.

  • The first case involves tracking the activity of a spouse. This technology became popular with spouses wanting to discover if their husband or wife is cheating. They download the software onto their spouse’s phone and monitor its activity. This software is far less expensive than hiring a private investigator.
  • The next popular use for smartphone spying is with parents who want to monitor their children. The software helps parents monitor how much their child uses their cell phone, who they are in contact with, and where they are going. This software is a great way to protect a child by knowing their activities, who they are communicating with, and their whereabouts.
  • Finally, employers use this type of software. If an employer gives an employee a company owned cell phone today, chances are decent that it has this kind of software installed on it. It enables employers to know whether the company phone is being used only for business. It also allows them to know if the employee is where they say they are during working hours. Cell phone spy software helps an employer save money and verify their employee’s honesty.

If you have a situation where it is important to track a person’s mobile phone activity, you can do so today. Thanks to this new software, you can have some peace of mind when it comes to your spouse, child, or employees. Worry no longer. It is important in this day and age to protect the ones you love and your business concerns. Cell phone spy software can help you with this endeavor.